The USC Gould School of Law announced Monday it is launching the first project in the nation that will systematically test child- interviewing techniques in dependency courts and in the field.
Focusing On Maltreated Children
Prof. Thomas Lyon will specifically examine whether open-ended, nonjudgmental questions prompt more detailed narratives from children, as has been the case in a lab setting.
Lyon was awarded a $2.9 million grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Development to build on his successful program focusing on disclosures regarding maltreated children, according to a statement. He has spent the past two decades developing and refining methods to interview child witnesses.
Children Ages 4-12 Will Be Interviewed
As part of the new project, abused children ranging in age from 4 to 12 will be interviewed using Lyon’s strategies. The goal is to encourage children to reveal truthful information without increasing the risks of suggestibility or influence.
Accurate and detailed testimony from children enables the courts to better decide cases so that abused children will be protected and the rights of defendants preserved, the statement said.
“Many Children Fail To Disclose Abuse”
“In sexual and physical abuse cases, an essential piece of evidence is the child’s report,” Lyon said. “But many children either fail to disclose abuse or (they) provide unconvincing testimony.”
Despite evidence pointing to physical or sexual abuse, 40 percent of children fail to disclose abuse when questioned by authorities, according to the Gould law school.
“In our lab work, we’ve interviewed more than 3,100 children, and we’ve incorporated our findings into our training,” Lyon said. “Now, for the first time, we will systematically test our interviewing techniques in the field.”
Techniques To Be Used By Police, Social Workers, Etc.
Lyon and his team, which includes USC law students, postdoctoral researchers and undergraduate students, expect to interview hundreds of children who have alleged sexual and physical abuse. Lyon has partnered with agencies that supervise children in the Los Angeles County Dependency Court.
“Our hope is that anytime anyone questions a child, our techniques will be used — from police and social workers to educators and pediatricians,” Lyon said.